result of revolt of 1857

The Indians too did not lag behind in maintaining social distance. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. Out of the fifteen, eight were appointed by the crown and the rest were to be appointed by the court of the directors. 4. What we notice in this period was abandonment of social and educational welfare measures by the British purposefully and willingly. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… Which revolt was the first to happen, even before the revolt of 1857, and which is also known as The First War of Independence? Revolt of 1857 Causes and Results . The reign of Dalhousie had been quite momentous for the Britishers as he had pursued a policy of territorial aggrandisement and extended the dominions of the empire. The cartridges that were used in the rifles had to be bitten open. In the post-Revolt period, to maintain supremacy in India, British followed the policy of communal disharmony. The revolt started as a mutiny of Indian sepoys (soldiers) in the service of the English East India Company in Meerut, a town northeast of Delhi. The most significant result of the mutiny was the transfer of power from a trading company to a sovereign power of Britain by the Government of India Act of 1858. ...The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion and the Sepoy Mutiny.The many names are the result of the conflict's continuing importance to India's national sense of identity. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: Firstly, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. John Lawrence, Outran, Havelock, Neil, Campbell, and Hugh Rose were some of the British commanders who earned military fame in the course of the revolt. It proved to be a source of encouragement to the National freedom struggle. End of Company Rule: The political result of this great revolt was the end of company’s rule in India. P.E. They were also equipped with superior military techniques. The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. L.E.R. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Result of revolt of 1857. It marks the end of an era of mercantile capitalism and early colonial rule and the beginning of direct imperial hegemony of the British crown. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. Religionist, Judicial and Diplomatic Effects: Queen Victoria’s proclamation of 1 November, 1858 guaranteed freedom of faith and equal treatment to all Indians. As if it is not sufficient, orthodoxy, religious superstitions, communal, caste and religious discrimination began to be practiced by the Indians. The sepoys were brave and selfless but they were also ill-disciplined. The Revolt of 1857 also regarded as India’s Ist War of Independence was a significant event in Indian history. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. While in the first century, i.e., from 1757 to 1857, the British crown indirectly ruled India, in the second century, i.e., from 1858 to 1947, the British crown directly ruled India through the Viceroy appointed by the Monarch. It began as a mutiny of native soldiers (sepoys) employed by the British East India … Military revolt. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … It shook the foundations of the British Empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. Results of the revolt: The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. Ans: The ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817 led by Bakshi Jagabandhu [Bidyadhar Mohapatra] in Khurda of Odisha. The British who were quite aloof in the beginning realized their mistake and changed their policy with 1861 Indian Council Act. Sir John Lawrance and Seelay are of the view that it was a sepoy mutiny as the sepoys refused to use the greased cartridges of the Enfield rifles and opposed the move. The British government was now established. VD Sarvarkar was the first person to opine Revolt of 1857 as the first 'Indian War of Independence'. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. It was a result of the anger against the government. In the sphere of social relations, the gulf between the Europeans and the Indians not only widened but animosity and hatred between the two social groups became marked, and there was definite social estrangement between Indians and Europeans. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. The artillery section was exclusively kept under the British. The unrest against the British rule that had been brewing for a long time now broke out into a revolt. Cause of the revolt, political cause of the revolt, place where the revolt began. Since the time it erupted, all historians have been engaged in the futile exercise of labelling the Uprising of 1857 with some descriptive word or other- such as mutiny , revolt , revolution , national It did not spread to South India and most of Eastern and Western India. The Revolt of 1857 is also called as Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence. Though the revolt had failed, historian like Sir Legal Greffin stated that “The revolt of 1857 A.D. swept the Indian sky clear of many clouds”. Nana Sahib was defeated at Kanpur. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. Mention any three political causes of the Revolt. The Battle of Plassey was an important stepping stone for the British rule in India as the British had overcome the French in India, and the state of … And even though the Britishers cruelly controlled the situation this revolt laid the foundation of nationalism in the people of India. They reduced the Brahmins from the army and recruited Gurkhas, Sikhs, Jats and Rajputs of the Punjab. Defeated the rebels (Nana Sahib's force) on 17th July, 1857. The Royal Princes were captured and butchered on the spot. Image Source: bharatmatamandir.in/files/2012/12/Mutiny-of-1857.jpg. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event. Nana's troops were responsible for the massacre at Kanpur. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. Ans: Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: (i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. The Revolt of 1857 further widened the difference between the ruler and the ruled. It is believed that it is very difficult to make generalization of the 1857 event as the response of the people varied from one area to another and as such it is argued that the revolt of 1857 was not one movement but many. In the place of the President of the Board of Control, the Secretary of State for India was appointed. This … Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. Detestation, contempt, ferocity and vengeance became marked features of the British in India in the post-mutiny period. The Revolt of 1857 took place one hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757. It was the culmination of the manifold grievances that Indians had against the East India Companys rule. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Roberts also considered it as a military revolt. Madras, Bombay, Bengal and the Western Punjab remained undisturbed. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the Company administration and of their dislike for the foreign administration. Surender Nath Sen is of the view that: “The mutiny became a revolt and assumed a political character when the mutineers of Meerut placed themselves under the king of Delhi and a section of the landed aristocracy and civil population declared, in his favour. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. 1. The rebels were dealt an early blow when the British captured Delhi on 20 September 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. The Secretary of State for India was assisted and helped by a 15-member body of India Council. As a result of such studies, it is now estab­lished that the relationship between land revenue settlement and the revolt is very minimum. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. The rebel leaders lacked experience and coordination. Hugh Rose On the other hand, there are also scholars who view the Revolt of 1857 … It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company 's army. Answers:The British made various changes in their policies after the revolt of 1857. In this article, we are going to see all the aspects of the Revolt of 1857 in Hindi. These imperatives guided British policy … Consequently, the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. Contesting the British interpretation as that of sepoy mutiny only, the nationalist historians and in particular V.D. … Indian sepoys and other revolt participants were also poorly organized. In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. It was to a great extent a popular revolt led by exiled princes and displaced landlords. As we have seen, the rapacious policies followed by . In case of the rulers of the Indian states, the crown made categorical announcement that all the treaties and agreements entered into by the East India Company will be honoured and respected and made it clear that no renewal was necessary. Their attempt was to prove that the colonial rule, if not welcomed, was not detested, as many Indian historians argue. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. Chakravarty, Gautam. "The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination." Results of the Revolt of 1857: The Revolt of 1857 served as a rude and caustic reminder to the British that they were alien in India and because of the very nature of their domination is colonial and exploitative, could not reconcile the Indians to their rule. It was a result of the anger against the government. All the British historians, in particular. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. The peasants destroyed revenue records and money-lenders' books, and overthrown the new zamindars, became passive not knowing what to do next. He was put to death after a hurried trial on 15 April 1859. Q 8: In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? Privacy Policy3. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Indian War of Independence of 1857, published anonymously in 1912 argues that it was the first war of Indian independence inspired by the lofty ideal of self-rule by Indians through nationalist upsurge. Revolt of 1857 in Assam. The British crown agreed to provide employment to the Indians in the bureaucratic structure of the times, which was denied previously. The 1857 Revolt remained concentrated in the Central India and some parts of north-Western India. Though the uprising of 1857 failed, it had its importance. Be appointed by the court of the East India Company were impoverishing ruining! Revolt, we are going to see all the ruling chiefs and kings were assured that territory! Prove that the great revolt of 1857 as the Sepoy revolt, was not.. Soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry a powerful determined! Revolt marked the end of 1859, never to be appointed by the Charter of. 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